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Sophia US History 1 Milestone 2

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Score 17/17 1UNIT 2 — MILESTONE 2 Which of the following actions directly provoked the French and Indian War? English colonists invaded the Ohio River Valley, which connected the two ... halves of New France. French troops and their native allies ambushed the colonists and killed General Edward Braddock. The Albany Plan of Union, by which the colonies conspired to take over New France. The colonists allied with France and native tribes against the Brittish soldiers, who treated them poorly. CONCEPT T he French and Indian War 2 Which of the following was a positive effect of the Navigation Acts for English colonists? Goods shipped by sea enjoyed the protection of the English Navy. Goods could be sold for fixed prices guaranteed by the government. Colonists temporarily enjoyed a greater voice in government. Goods could be bought from or sold to markets in other countries. CONCEPT England Strengthens its Imperial Colonies 3 Which statement reflects an idea or attitude associated with the Enlightenment? https://www.coursehero.com/file/67105317/Sophia-US-History-1-Milestone-2pdf/ “Religious figures remain the traditional and most trusted sources of truth and understanding." “Our traditions are sacred and have been proven true by our own experiences.” “God gave the right to rule to the king, and we must never question his will.” “We are citizens of the world and open-minded to new ideas and ways of thinking.” CONCEPT The Enlightenment and the Colonies 4 Based on Olaudah Equiano's experiences as a slave, which of the following statements is true? The fear of being captured and sold into slavery was not really a feature of daily life in West Africa. Capture and transport were dangerous and traumatic experiences for Africans. Only Europeans participated in taking Africans captive and selling them into slavery African adults were targeted and could do little to prevent capture by slave traders. CONCEPT American Slavery from an African Perspective 5 How did Britain respond to colonial protests against the Townshend Acts? By increasing enforcement of the Acts and adding new taxes By allowing smugglers to be tried in front of a jury of their peers By repealing all of the acts because of the boycott on British goods By sending four thousand additional troops to Boston CONCEPT T he Townshend Acts and Protest 6 Which of the following acts of the First Continental Congress foreshadowed the creation of an independent colonial government? https://wTwhwe.cCoounrsgerheesros.cpoemti/tfiiolen/e6d71G05e3o1r7g/eSoIpIIhiaas-UthSo-Huigshtoriyt -w1-eMreileastfoonree-i2gpndfg/overnment seeking aide. The Congress imposed its own taxes on British imports and denied representation to the crown. The Congress declared independence from Britain and recommended that a constitution be drafted. The Congress recommended that each colony build militias to defend against the British. CONCEPT P ath to Revolution 7 Which of the following grievances was the centerpiece of the Declaration of Independence? Parliament had the right to operate independently of the king. Parliament had no right to represent the colonies. George III had no right to govern oversees, even fairly. George III had broken his social contract with the colonists. CONCEPT Choosing Sides in the American Revolution 8 Which of the following quotations—from documents associated with the American, French and Haitian revolutions—exemplifies social contract theory? "When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another..." "The Independence of St. Domingo is proclaimed. Restored to our primitive dignity, we have asserted our rights; we swear never to yield them to any power on earth..." “The demands of the citizens may always tend toward maintaining the constitution and the general welfare.” “Oh! Landholders of St. Domingo, wandering in foreign countries by proclaiming our independence, we do not forbid you, indiscriminately, from returning to your property...” CONCEPT T he American Revolution in a Global Context 9 What was one difficulty associated with the Proclamation of 1763? https://www.coursehero.com/file/67105317/Sophia-US-History-1-Milestone-2pdf/ Unable to print their own money, colonists had a harder time paying taxes. Many colonists believed it deprived them of their right to trial by jury. Native tribes that wanted to sell their land no longer could. Many land speculators continued to illegally buy native lands in secret. CONCEPT T he Aftermath of the French and Indian War 10 What was one way in which Native Americans challenged English colonial domination in North America? They wielded enough influence to tip the balance of power in North America in favor of, or against, the English. They were a major power in the Caribbean and Central and South America. They established control over New Orleans and the mouth of the Mississippi River. They resisted their condition by leading a large group toward Florida, killing several English colonists en route. CONCEPT The Challenges to the English Empire 11 Which of the following groups comprised the gentry in the Southern colonies? Landowners who had earned their status through indentured servitude. Wealthy landowners who modeled themselves after British aristocracy. The free working class who wanted to be as distinct as possible from slaves. Those who were educated but did not own land and thus could not vote. CONCEPT G rowth of the Colonies 12 Read the quotation about a vision for American society after the American Revolution. h“ttWpsh:/e/wrewaws.cthoeurtsreahfefrioc.coofmW/fihleit/e67p1e0o5p31le7,/Shoeprheitao-fUoSre-Hciostuonryt-e1n-aMnicleesdtobney-2[Npdefw/ York] while under the arbitrary control of the British Government, is contrary to the feelings of a number of respectable Citizens, and to the idea of liberty this country [the United States] has so happily established." According to this speaker, which American value is contradicted by the indentured servitude of white Europeans? Natural equality Religious toleration Diversity Democracy CONCEPT T hink About It: What Did the American Revolution Mean? 13 Henry Clinton was an important figure in the Revolutionary War. Select the statement that correctly identifies him. “To sustain the Revolution through the winter months, I launched surprise attacks at Trenton and Princeton.” “I was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army by the Continental Congress." “I was forced to surrender my army of 5,000 soldiers to the Continental Army at Saratoga.” "My troops forced the surrender of Charleston, from which I led a new military government." CONCEPT The American War for Independence, 1775 - 1783 14 Which of the following describes slavery in the Southern colonies in the 18th century? Strict race-based laws were passed to control perceived threats. Slaves were sailors, dockworkers and domestic workers. Slaves could own property and pass it on to their children. Slavery was less prevalent because of the absence of cash crops. hCttpsO://wNwCw.cEouPrseThero.com/file/67105317/Sophia-US-History-1-Milestone-2pdf/ Think About It: What Was the Importance of Slavery to the Colonies? 15 Why were protests against the Stamp Act effective in persuading British merchants to oppose the tax? Violent protests had spread to Britain itself and threatened to upset social order. The king opposed increased taxation and removed those responsible for the Stamp Act. The boycotts by the Daughters of Liberty hurt businesses back in Britain. The British elected new members to parliament who opposed taxation of the colonies. CONCEPT The Stamp Act 16 What did Parliament intend to accomplish with the Tea Act of 1773? By increasing penalties for smugglers, colonists would think twice the next time they wanted to protest a law. By reducing taxes, imperial merchants could undercut competition from smugglers and still increase their profits. By reducing taxes, colonists would be appeased and perhaps end their boycott on tea and other British imports. By increasing penalties for smugglers, colonists would be pressured to buy British tea from imperial merchants. CONCEPT Boston Tea Party 17 Which statement represents support for the theory of actual representation? "Colonists do not have equal standing before Parliament and are therefore subject to all of its laws." "Every Englishman is taxed, and many do not send representatives to Parliament." "According to our principles, only colonial assemblies may impose internal taxes. Parliament only has the authority to regulate commerce." "Most British citizens do not meet the property requirements necessary to vote in elections." [Show More]

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