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LCSW (ASWB Clinical Exam) Questions and answers, 100% Accuarte, rated A What is the 3 Levels of Consciousness? - ✔

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LCSW (ASWB Clinical Exam) Questions and answers, 100% Accuarte, rated A What is the 3 Levels of Consciousness? - ✔✔-Conscious, Pre-conscious & Unconscious According to Psychoanalytic Theory be... haviors & thoughts are driven by WHAT unconscious forces, motives, & drives? - ✔✔-Unconscious Dreams, Desires, Defenses, & Wishes Psychoanalysts believe that behaviors are shaped by? - ✔✔-Repressed Childhood Memories & Experiences Freud believed that thoughts & ideas that create anxiety or distress are pushed from the conscious to the unconscious. This process is referred to as? - ✔✔-Repression What are the 3 Structural Personality Developmental stages? - ✔✔-Id, Ego, & Superego The most primitive stage of the personality is? - ✔✔-Id Two of the early cognitive theorists Alfred ______ & Albert _______. - ✔✔-Alfred Adler & Albert Ellis The three levels of moral development are? - ✔✔-Pre-conventional, Conventional & Post-conventional Respodent or Classical conditioning was formulated by John ______ & Ivan ______. - ✔✔-Watson & Pavlov According to Skinner all Behaviors can be elicited or eliminated through ______ or _____ reinforcement. - ✔✔-Positive & Negative The work of cognitive theory address Mis-______, ______ thoughts ______ beliefs. - ✔✔- Misconceptions, irrational thoughts & false beliefs. The 2 stages of conventional moral development focus on? - ✔✔-Individuals seeking to gain the approval of others & adherence to laws & rules. Classical conditioning refers to the process by which an individual learns a behavior through ______. - ✔✔-Association Decreasing the likelihood & frequency of a behavior by presenting an unpleasant reinforcement or punishment is known as what type conditioning? - ✔✔-Aversion What does ABC stand for in cognitive behavioral therapy? - ✔✔-A = Activating Event B = Individual's thoughts & beliefs about A C = Emotional Response & Consequences of B Moral Development is learned primarily from the individual's _______. - ✔✔-Family According to Pavlov, behaviors are a _______ to or result of some environmental event or ________. - ✔✔-Response & Stimulus ________ are defined as the presentation of a positive or negative stimulus following a behavior in order to increase the probability of its occurrence. - ✔✔-Reinforcers The stage of development that involves an infant using her/his senses and motor functions to understand the world is? - ✔✔-Sensorimotor The two types of Piaget's adaption are? - ✔✔-Assimilation (the incorporation of an aspect of one's environment into an existing mental schema) OR Accommodation (The adaptation or modification of existing mental schema to the characteristics of a new object). This type of test of reliability is where research subjects' test scores are compared with one another using the same test is known as? - ✔✔-Inter-Rater This type of single-subject design A-B design is know as? - ✔✔-Basic single systems design The two phases of N=1 are? - ✔✔-Baseline & Intervention Phase This cognitive approach technique is used to make the client aware of & continue the behavior that is causing anxiety (i.e., fear of public speaking) & to provide the client w/ a sense of control. - ✔✔- Paradoxical Direction (Directive) This stage is from 2-3 years & involves mastery of skills to be autonomous & learning to be more confident & in control of their self. - ✔✔-Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt Gestalt Theory focuses on the _______ ______ of human experience in the _____ & ______. - ✔✔- Holistic Nature, Here & Now The infant's attention shifts from being inwardly focused to outwardly focused is which substage? - ✔✔- Differentiation This practice framework is most relevant when the client is a female and her issues are based upon the effects of gender or sex role stereotypes and discrimination. - ✔✔-Feminist Framework Ability to successfully interact with other people is called? - ✔✔-Object Relations During this stage the child learns more adult-like or hypothetical thinking. - ✔✔-Formal Operational According to Piaget individual learning is through the process of ______ or the reciprocal exchange between an individual and her/his environment. - ✔✔-Adaptation This stage is from 6 to 11 years and involves a child to accomplish tasks & work in groups. Failing this stage the child feels inferior & incompetent. - ✔✔-Industry vs. Inferiority Unlike Freud, Erickson believed personality development continued after the age of _____. - ✔✔-Five The infant begins to want to act independently is which substage? - ✔✔-Rapprochement The 3 Stages of object relations & the age ranges are? - ✔✔-- Autistic - Newborn to 1 mo - Symbiotic - 1 to 5 mos - Separation/Individuation - 5 mos through adulthood Cognitive, behavioral & social learning theory all share what kind of theoretical approach? - ✔✔-Task Centered This treatment approach in family theory focuses on the interactions & relationships within the family systems & known as? - ✔✔-Structural Approach This practice framework requires the SW to focus on the interplay between biological & social systems as they relate to human behavior are? - ✔✔-Systems Framework Behavioral, Respondent or Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, and Social Learning theory all share what kind of theoretical approach? - ✔✔-Behavioral Modification This Gestalt treatment concept is where the client inappropriately receives & internalizes messages & info from others is defined as? - ✔✔-Introjection The 5 stages of Grieving are? - ✔✔-Denial Anger Bargaining Despair/Depression Acceptance This practice framework requires the SW to be attentive & sensitive to a client's culture, ethnicity & religion. - ✔✔-Ethnic-Sensitive Framework This psychoanalytic technique where the SW brings opposing ideas & thoughts together for the purpose of exploration & comparison is referred to as? - ✔✔-Confrontation This Gestalt treatment concept is where a client does to themselves what they would like to do, to another person is defined as? - ✔✔-Retroflection This theoretical approach views the client as part of a system that includes subsystems & seeks to clarify roles & improve communication stemming from dysfunction or conflict within part of the system is know as? - ✔✔-Family (systems) Theory This practice framework requires the SW to explore, focus on, mobilize & embellish the client's strengths & is? - ✔✔-Strengths (perspective) Framework This theoretical approach helps the client become aware of their behaviors, recognize, use & expand on other behaviors, & take responsibility for such behaviors is known as? - ✔✔-Gestalt Theory The theoretical base of this approach is base on psychoanalytic, Ego psychology & social learning theory & focuses on mitigating a short term crisis & learning new coping skills is known as? - ✔✔-Crisis Intervention This treatment approach in family theory focuses on rules & patterns of behavior where the SW strategically chooses interventions that improve the family's behavioral interactions within/among each other is known as? - ✔✔-Strategic Family Therapy Formation of a Culturally Competent Practice the Individual practitioner should understand the ______ of the differences of her/his own culture & that of the client & recognize their own ______. - ✔✔- Dynamic & Ethnocentricity Recurrent, locality-specific patterns of aberrant behavior & troubling experience that may or may not be defined & recognized in the DSM- IV is defined as? - ✔✔-Culture Bound syndromes Prior to assessment the SW should explain the legal & ethical obligations & limitations of _______? - ✔✔-Confidentiality Formation of a Culturally competent Practice the individual practitioner should ______ a detailed knowledge of various cultures. - ✔✔-Develop Culture Bound syndromes should always be _____ _____ first & should NEVER be _____. - ✔✔-Ruledout & Diagnosed A tool used by SW's to assist in the development of client goals & monitoring of progress is? - ✔✔- Treatment Plan This type of assessment tool seeks to place the client in the context of their family & social environment. - ✔✔-Ecomap Patterns of behavior that violate basic human rights, aggression toward people & animals, destruction of property, deceit or theft, running away, or truancy is? - ✔✔-Conduct disorder Sub-average intellectual functioning & impairment in adaptive functioning with onset before age 18 is considered? - ✔✔-Mental Retardation Axis I lists? - ✔✔-Clinical disorders or major mental illnesses Axis III lists? - ✔✔-Psychosocial Factors that affect diagnosis & treatment Eating one or more non-nutritive substance, e.g., paint, string, hair, insects, pebbles on a persistent basis is known as? - ✔✔-Pica Mild intellectual functioning is what IQ range? - ✔✔-(50-55) - 70 This type of assessment tool is similar to a family tree & describes the family relationships for 1 or more generations. - ✔✔-Genogram A culturally competent SW should understand & be cognizant of their own _____ & the impact of their _____style when working with minority populations. - ✔✔-Culture & Communication Formation of a culturally competent practice the individual practitioner should _____ their practice skills to _____ a client's culture - ✔✔-Adapt & Accommodate Assessment begins on the 1st day of Treatment & continues throughout treatment: True or False - ✔✔- True Culture bound syndromes are symptoms that look like characteristics of a mental disorder but are actually related to certain _____ & _____ of the individual's culture. - ✔✔-Values & Beliefs These type of SSD designs A-B-A, A-B-A-B, & B-A-B are know as? - ✔✔-Experimental Single Systems Designs This phase of an N=1 study is where a target problem/behavior is defined as? - ✔✔-Baseline Phase This type of Validity is an experimental demonstration of a test which measures a term it claims to be measuring is known as? - ✔✔-Construct Validity Results obtained consistently from the same study repeatedly is a measure of? - ✔✔-Reliability This type of single subject design "A only" is known as? - ✔✔-Observation only This type of test of reliability where a study is performed once & then performed again is known as? - ✔✔-Test-Retest This type of single subject design "B only" is known as? - ✔✔-Intervention only This type of study involves identifying & manipulating independent variables & measuring their effect on the dependent variable and is the most rigorous studies conducted. - ✔✔-Experimental Studies This practice framework views the individual in the context of & their behaviors as adaptations to the environment as? - ✔✔-Ecosystems Framework This theoretical approach focuses on changing behavior by identifying, challenging, & changing the client's misconceptions & false beliefs is referred as? - ✔✔-Cognitive Theory This Gestalt treatment concept is where a client takes unacceptable & undesirable parts of their own personality & attributes them to another person is defined as? - ✔✔-Projection The 5 Stages of Grief were developed by Elisabeth _____ - _____. - ✔✔-Kubler-Ross Any SW who receives or is privy to receiving client information is bound by this NASW ethical principle? - ✔✔-Confidentiality This public law 93-579 was enacted over concerns that individuals were unaware that agencies were collecting personal info & not sharing it with their clients. - ✔✔-Federal Privacy Act of 1974 NASW Code of Ethics state except where appropriate as in martial relationships or work with groups, it is inappropriate to provide services to two or more people who have a relationship with each other: True or False - ✔✔-True Two types of SW Research are? - ✔✔-Qualitative & Quanitative What are the exceptions to the Federal Privacy Act of 1974? - ✔✔--Need to Know -Legitimate Research -Legitimate Law-enforcement -Court order/subpoena -Emergency situations This 1976 California Supreme Court case establish that SW's have a duty to warn victims of active threats by their client of physical harm & is known as? - ✔✔-Tarasoft V. Regents of University of California This type of study is used to discover new qualitative facts. - ✔✔-Descriptive Studies (e.g., observational methods, case-studies cross-sectional, and survey methods) This Act passed in 1996 provides: -Protections & limits on use & disclosure of PHI -Access to Protected Health Information -Right to receive notice of privacy practices - ✔✔-HIPAA - Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act In the case of a HIV client who is engaging in unprotected sex the SW's 1st responsibility is to? - ✔✔- Educate the client on the risks to self & others associated with HIV & promote self-determination. HIPAA only applies to covered entitles of: - ✔✔--Healthcare Providers -Healthcare clearing houses -Health plans In order for a therapist to break confidentiality & warn an intended victim of the client's HIV status, 5 facts have to be proven: - ✔✔--The client is HIV positive -The client/victim engaged in unprotected sex or shared drug injection equipment -The behavior is actually unsafe -Client intends to continue the behavior after being counseled -HIV transmission will likely occur NASW Code of Ethics defines this as the affirmative agreement by the client to undergo treatment after all potential risks, benefits, and associated costs have been disclose to the client. - ✔✔-Informed Consent This process explains how data is collected & analyzed to either confirm or reject a proposition or a hypothesis is know as? - ✔✔-Research Federal Privacy Act of 1974 requires that agencies inform clients that: - ✔✔--Personal information was being kept -They have a right to access & can request a copy of their records -That their records were only being used for the purpose for which it was intended For mandated Reporting of abuse, the NASW Code of Ethics states the SW should have witness the abuse before a report is made: True or False - ✔✔-False, SW's in good faith are mandated to report all suspected case of abuse. This type of study is used when dealing with a new area of research or to clarify or expand on existing knowledge. - ✔✔-Exploratory Study or Research The Federal Privacy Act of 1974 applies to both Federal and State agencies? True or False - ✔✔-False, The Federal Privacy Act of 1974 only applies to Federal Agencies but many if not all private, state & local government agencies have adopted the provisions of the act. To fulfill the Duty to Warn the following criteria have to met: - ✔✔--There is a genuine Therapist/Client Relationship -The client has communicated a serious & imminent threat of physical violence -The threat is against identifiable victim This type of Validity is where results of one study are compared to results of another-similar study but measured using a different instrument. - ✔✔-Concurrent Validity A theory that asserts a relationship exists between two variables is know as? - ✔✔-Hypothesis This phase of an N=1 study is where the effect on the target is observed & measured for a change. - ✔✔- Intervention Phase Losing of some aspect of development already achieved due to anxiety causing a person to revert to a previously attained stage or lower level of adaption is called? - ✔✔-Regression The extent to which external/internal events are seen as real is called? - ✔✔-Sense of Reality (of the world & self) Efficiency of cognitive process is called? - ✔✔-Autonomous Functioning Replacement of some painful or negative event with the complete opposite is called? - ✔✔-Reaction Formation The ability to distinguish between reality and imagination is called? - ✔✔-Judgement Attempting to provide a logical and rational explanation for something or situation to avoid guilt or shame is called? - ✔✔-Rationalization The ability or process of distinguishing the internal world of thoughts and feelings from the external world is known as? - ✔✔-Reality Testing Rationalizing and making generalizations about anxiety-provoking issues to minimize pain and anxiety is called? - ✔✔-Intellectualization Changing one's own behavior or self in order to adapt is called? - ✔✔-Autoplastic This Defense Mechanism is taking our own unacceptable qualities or feelings and ascribing them to other people is known as? - ✔✔-Projection Changing the environment in order to adapt is called? - ✔✔-Alloplastic Refocusing of aggression or emotions evoked from an external force onto one's self is called? - ✔✔- Inversion In ego psychology, adaptation is defined as the reciprocal relationship between the ______ & the ______? - ✔✔-Environment & Individual Inability to simultaneously experience the cognitive and affective components of a situation is called? - ✔✔-Isolation Ego Psychology was developed by and focuses on? - ✔✔-Heinz Hartman & Adaptation The unconscious modeling of one's self upon another person's behavior is called? - ✔✔-Identification Returning to an earlier stage of psychosexual development is called? - ✔✔-Regression The five psychosexual stages of development are? (Orphan Annie Pretty Little Girl) - ✔✔-Oral Anal Phallic Latency Genital In psychoanalytic theory, problems, issues & dysfunctions are described as _____ & ______ behaviors. - ✔✔-Unwanted & Undesirable _____ is defined as the presentation of an unpleasant or undesired event following a behavior in order to decrease its occurrence. - ✔✔-Punishment 1. Educating community members 2. Locating & utilizing community resources 3. Influencing organizations to respond to the problem by developing policies 4. Politically motivating the local, state and/or Federal Gov't to enact legislation are the goals of? - ✔✔- Community level Eco-Systems intervention The dissolution or disorganization of a closed system results in less differentiation and a lost of function is defined as? - ✔✔-Entropy _____ is the reciprocal process by which the individual and their environment change and adapt to one another in order to achieve _____ of _____? - ✔✔-Adaptation & Goodness of Fit Systems that are accepting of input from outside environmental sources & are willing to change accordingly are known as ______ ______? - ✔✔-Open Systems This systems theory concept is defined as a disturbing factor or level of conflict and a good and necessary thing for systems to adapt. - ✔✔-Tension One unit comprised of individuals and their interactions is defined as? - ✔✔-Systems This stage is from 35 to 50 years and involves the individual developing the capacity to care and nurture. Failing this stage and the focus tends to be on her/himself. - ✔✔-Generativity vs. Stagnation This type of test of reliability is where study subjects are randomly assigned to one of two groups and are tested within their respective groups and ideally achieving the same result is known as? - ✔✔-SplitHalf Test This type of single subject design B-C only is implemented how? - ✔✔-No baseline is recorded. Instead data is recorded after an initial intervention (B). Then the intervention is changed and data is recorded (C). N=1 is what type of design? - ✔✔-Single Subject Design This research or study concept refers to the extent to which results collected reflect the True or correct characteristics of what the researcher is attempting to measure is known as? - ✔✔-Validity The act of expressing prejudice or the intentional taking away certain choices, benefits, or other opportunities from a minority group is defined as? - ✔✔-Discrimination A culturally competent SW should understand & be cognizant of their own ____ & the impact of their _____ style when working minority populations. - ✔✔-Culture & Communication Recurrent, locality-specific patterns of aberrant behavior and troubling experience that may or may not be defined & recognized in the DSM-IV is defined as? - ✔✔-Culture Bound Syndromes Feelings or thoughts about various minority groups based upon perceived values, normative judgements, and negative inferences or stereotypes about such groups is defined as? - ✔✔-Prejudice Culture Bound Syndromes should always be _____ _____ first & should NOT be _____. - ✔✔-Ruled Out & Diagnosed The 2 stages of Post-conventional moral development focus on? - ✔✔-- Social Contracts or development of laws/regulations based on majority decision and inevitable compromise - Universal ethical principles and based on abstract [Show More]

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