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Sophia – Information Technology - Unit 1 Milestone 1 – (100% CORRECT) – Ashford University | Sophia – Information Technology - Unit 1 Milestone 1 – (100% CORRECT)

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Sophia – Information Technology - Unit 1 Milestone 1 – (100% CORRECT) – Ashford University Select the true statement about a printer. • It is an output device that generates a hard copy of... work created on a computer. • It is an input device that captures an image and converts it into digital information. • It is an output device that displays video, images, or text on a screen. • It is an input device that moves a pointer on screen and provides buttons for users to click. External Computer Hardware 2 Select the file size that is the LARGEST. • 1 TB • 1,995 GB • 10 MB • 20,000 KBUnit Prefixes 3 Kate saves her work on a secondary storage device that is fairly new, and uses flash technology instead of disks. Kate is using a(n) __________ drive. • optical disk • SSD • CD/DVD-ROM • hard disk Computer Components and Roles 4 Which of the following components is used for data processing? • Network interface card (NIC) • USB flash drive • Solid-state drive (SSD) • Scanner Computer Components and Roles5 When Fabio scans a document into his computer, internal hardware inside the computer converts the data and displays it on a device for him to see. This process describes the interaction between the __________ and __________. • NIC, touchscreen • GPU, monitor • USB port, scanner • CPU, motherboard Computer Components and Roles 6 Select the example of computer software. • An email application • A hard drive • A graphics accelerator• Read-only memory Computer Software 7 Using his tablet device, Greg types a review of a computer game store for an online site. Greg is using __________ software. • application • productivity • utility • operating system Computer Software 8 James is a college student who is writing a research paper. Because he clicked the command to save his work, he knows that after he turns his computer off, his work will be there for when he turns it on again. James saves his work in a type of computer storage known as the __________. • CPU • RAM •microchip • hard drive The Primary Functions of a Computer 9 All of the following are examples of integrated computer systems, EXCEPT: • Re-setting a home security system using a tablet computer • Taking a self-driving car to work • Storing a group project on "the cloud" • Using a watch to get directions during a morning run Types of Computers 10 Cristina sends a brief email message to wish her aunt a happy birthday. How much storage space is necessary for Cristina’s email? • 1 byte • 1 megabyte • 1 gigabyte • 1 kilobyteInternal Computer Hardware 12 Which external hardware component is shown in the given image? • Touchpad • Keyboard • Mouse • CD/DVD drive External Computer Hardware 13 Jessica is a freelance writer who only uses a computer when she works in her home office. She typically writes for four to six hours a day. Select the best computer for Jessica. • A desktop computer with a large screen • A portable tablet computer • A laptop computer that connects to “the cloud”• A laptop computer with multimedia content Selecting a Computer 14 A series of steps undertaken to reach a goal is known as which of the following? • Software • Hardware • Data management • A process CONCEPT Information Systems 15 Which of the following statements about the relationship between hardware and software is true? • Hardware can be present in intangible form. • A flash drive is an example of software. • Software consists of instructions that tell the hardware what to do. •Software and hardware can act independently of each other. The Relationship Between Hardware and Software 16 Select the true statement about the CPU. • It transfers data from the hard disk for processing. • It executes commands sent by program software. • It provides a central connection for computer components. • It permits the exchange of electrical signals between computer components. Internal Computer Hardware 17 The invention of the integrated circuit was the first major advance in computing. The integrated circuit made it possible for all of a computer's electrical components to reside on one silicon chip. This invention became known as the __________. • microprocessor • personal computer • client-server configuration• mainframe computer Select the true statement about a mouse. • It is an input device that enables users to enter text or number sequences into a computer. • It is an input device that enables users to use a finger to move an on-screen pointer. • It is an input device that enables users to point-and-click to make selections, and to start applications or open files. • It is an input device that converts images or text into digital information. Mel is a research scientist at a health sciences center. His job requires him to analyze large amounts of data in short periods of time. Select the best computer for Mel.• A handheld tablet computer • A portable laptop computer • A desktop computer with two screens • A desktop computer with a fast processor Which of the following statements about the relationship between hardware and software is FALSE? • Computer software drives computer hardware by providing the instructions that tell the hardware what to do. • Hardware will not function without software, and software will not run without the appropriate hardware. • Application software, which does something useful, is a main category of software.• Application software runs independently of any hardware. When Fabio scans a document into his computer, internal hardware inside the computer converts the data and displays it on a device for him to see. This process describes the interaction between the __________ and __________. • CPU, motherboard • NIC, touchscreen • GPU, monitor • USB port, scanner All of the following are examples of integrated computer systems, EXCEPT: • Taking a self-driving car to work •Storing a group project on "the cloud" • Using a watch to get directions during a morning run • Re-setting a home security system using a tablet computer Melanie wants to copy a home movie to a storage device that will enable her to play it on her television. The best storage device for Melanie is a(n) __________. • sound card • CPU • CD/DVD-ROM drive • internal hard drive Select the true statement about the hard disk.• It is the working memory of a computer that transfers data when the device is turned on. • It stores long-term memory when a computer shuts down, and memory is retrieved from it when a computer is turned on. • It carries out commands sent by program software and returns results for a computer to act upon. • It holds the main circuits, and connects other internal components of the computer. Which of the following components is used for data processing? • Solid-state drive (SSD) • Scanner • Network interface card (NIC)• USB flash drive Using his tablet device, Greg types a review of a computer game store for an online site. Greg is using __________ software. • utility • productivity • operating system • application ENIAC, which stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, is an example of a __________ computer. • microprocessor • personal• mini • mainframe Jake has a collection of 40 movies on Blu-ray discs. How much space will he need to store them on a hard disk? • 100 kilobytes • 40 gigabytes • 10 gigabytes • 1 terabyte Select the file size that is the SMALLEST. •6,000 GB • 90,000 KB • 2 MB • 3 TB A collection of facts, such as street addresses or phone numbers, is known as which of the following? • A system • A process • Data • A componentCriselda is a computer operator. When she turns on her computer, it loads information from the hard disk into the computer's __________. • RAM • CPU • SSD • ROM Which of the following is an example of computer software? • A smartphone • An antivirus program • An audio/sound card• A memory storage device Which external hardware component is shown in the given image? • Keyboard • Mouse • Touchpad • CD/DVD drive [Show More]

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