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Critical thinking exam 1 test questions and answer solution

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Critical thinking exam 1 test questions and answer solution • Question 1 4 out of 4 points You can strengthen the quality of your opinion on an issue by ______ people who think differently t... han you. • Question 2 4 out of 4 points __________ your skills at critical thinking will serve you well every time you need to make a choice or solve a problem. • Question 3 4 out of 4 points A rule of thumb for using to critical thinking to find solutions and make decisions is to seek which of the following? • Question 4 4 out of 4 points In everyday speech, an argument usually means a heated disagreement in which the goal is to "win" by _________ the other person. • Question 5 4 out of 4 points Which of these questions has the most potential for debate? • Question 6 4 out of 4 points For much of her life, Kaiden has volunteered with the Red Cross and considers this to be part of her identity. Which of these scenarios would suggest that Kaiden's ability to think critically has been hindered by this aspect of her identity? • Question 7 4 out of 4 points Hindsight bias can be a form of _________. • Question 8 4 out of 4 points Which of the following summarizes the role that emotions play in critical thinking? • Question 9 4 out of 4 points Which strategy helps combat hostility? • Question 10 4 out of 4 points Which statement best illustrates self-interested thinking? • Question 11 4 out of 4 points What type of argument does the following statement make? My dog lives in a house with children and has never bitten them. My dog is friendly toward children that he encounters. Therefore, it is unlikely that my dog would ever bite a child. • Question 12 4 out of 4 points Which of the following qualities makes for a strong inductive argument? • Question 13 4 out of 4 points A teacher is proposing a new course and wishes to implement new strategies for delivering instruction. The teacher's reasons include the following premises: Premise 1: Using short instructional videos as a supplement to regular instruction diversifies content delivery; Premise 2: Implementing short electronic self-check quizzes assists students in assessing their own knowledge retention; Premise 3: Implementing instructional guides through technology-based methods allows students to learn outside the classroom. Which is a conclusion the teacher could draw from these premises? • Question 14 0 out of 4 points What makes a deductive argument sound? • Question 15 4 out of 4 points An inductive argument USUALLY starts with which of the following? • Question 16 4 out of 4 points At a presidential debate, one of the candidates stated that we're going to have to cut the defense budget or go deeper into debt. We can't afford to go deeper into debt, so we'll have to cut the defense budget. This is a _________ fallacy. • Question 17 4 out of 4 points Which of the following represents a "slippery slope" fallacy? • Question 18 4 out of 4 points The false dichotomy fallacy is characterized by: • Question 19 4 out of 4 points _________ is characterized by trying to persuade the audience by arousing feelings such as pity, fear, patriotism, flattery, etc. in place of presenting rational arguments. • Question 20 4 out of 4 points A 1987 Public Service Announcement showed a man who held up an egg and said, "This is your brain," then picked up a frying pan and added, "This is drugs." He then cracks open the egg, fries the contents, and says, "This is your brain on drugs." Finally he looks up at the camera and asks, "Any questions?" This is an example of a(n) __________ fallacy. • Question 21 4 out of 4 points Which of the following is the BEST explanation for why knowing someone's perspective can help you evaluate the claims they make? • Question 22 4 out of 4 points Don was researching apple production for a farm stand orchard. He found a .com that discussed apple production and sold apple cider, a .com that discussed apple production and sold dried fruit, a .org that educated the community growing apple trees, and a .org that advocated for removing genetically modified (GMO) trees from orchards. Based upon what you know about website types and target audiences, which site contains the MOST bias? • Question 23 4 out of 4 points Which of the following is something that an expert might be concerned about when reviewing a peer's work? • Question 24 4 out of 4 points Which of the following sources would MOST likely be credible? • Question 25 4 out of 4 points Don was researching apple production for a farm stand orchard. He found a .com that discussed apple production and sold apple cider, a .com that discussed apple production and sold dried fruit, a .org that educated the community on growing apple trees, and a .org that advocated for removing genetically modified (GMO) trees from orchards. Based upon what you know about website types and target audiences, which site should Don consider the MOST credible? [Show More]

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