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RDA State Board Exam-Infection control Questions with COMPLETE SOLUTION

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RDA State Board Exam-Infection control Questions with COMPLETE SOLUTIONA group of infection prevention practices that apply to all patients regardless of suspected or confirmed infection status, in ... any setting in which healthcare is delivered. These include; hand hygiene, use of gloves, gown, mask eye protection, or face shield depending on the anticipated exposure and the safe handling of sharps. - ✔✔Standard Precautions Confer a high risk for infection if they are contaminated with any microorganism. These include all instruments, devices and other items used to penetrate soft tissue or bone. - ✔✔Critical items Instruments, devices and other items that are not used to penetrate soft tissue or bone, but contact oral mucas membranes, non- intact skin or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) - ✔✔Semi-critical items Instruments, devices, equipment and surfaces that come in contact with soil, debris, saliva, blood, OPIM and intact skin, but not oral mucas membranes - ✔✔NON-critical items Is the least effective disinfection process. It kills some bacteria, some viruses and fungi, but does not kill bacterial spores or mycobacterium tuberculosis var bovis, a laboratory test organism used to classify the strength of disinfectant materials. - ✔✔Low-level disinfectant kills mycobacterium tuberculosis var bovis indicating that many human pathogens are also killed. This process does not necessarily kill spores. - ✔✔Intermediate-level disinfectant kills some, but not necessarily all bacterial spores. This process kills mycobaterium tuberculosis var bovis, bacteria, fungi, and viruses. - ✔✔High-level disinfectant is a chemical agent that can be used to disinfect items and surfaces based on the level of contamination. - ✔✔Germicide [Show More]

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