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NSG 6435 Final Exam Study Guide 3 with Answers GradeAplus

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1. A congenital heart abnormality often discovered during the newborn period is coarctation of the aorta. How is this assessed? 2. A child who can stack a maximum of 5 blocks is probably: 3. A 6... yr old child who has moderate persistent asthma is diagnosed with pneumonia after chest x-ray and lab studies. He developed a sudden onset of fever with chills. He is in no distress. What is the preferred treatment for him? 4.A healthy appearing 3-yr old female presents with non-blanchable redness over both knees and elbows. During the exam, she is found to have normal growth and development, and she interacts appropriately with the NP. She had an upper respiratory infection about 4 wks ago that cleared without incident. A CBC and UA were obtained. The most likely diagnosis is: 5.An adolescent has acne. The NP prescribed a benzoyl peroxide product for him. What important teaching point should be given to this adolescent regarding the benzoyl peroxide? 6. a 6-wk old male infant is brought to the NP because of vomiting. The mother describes vomiting after feeding and feeling a knot in his abdomen especially after he vomits. The child appears adequately nourished. What is the likely etiology? 7. Which suggestion below is the standard for treating iron deficiency anemia in infants and children? 8. A young child has developed a circumferential lesion on her inner forearm. It is slightly raised, red and is puritic. It is about 2.5 cm in diameter. This is probably related to: 9. A 7-yr old entered clinic 1 month ago. There was no evidence that he had any immunizations. He was given the vaccinations listed on his vaccination record at the time of his visit. if he returns today, which immunizations can he receive? 10. What would be appropriate anticipatory guidance for the parent of a 9-month old infant? 11. An infant is diagnosed with diaper dermatitis. Satelite lesions are visible. This should be treated with a: 12.The NP sees a child who reports fatigue and presents with purpura on his lower extremities. His temperature is normal. The differential includes: 13.Genetics 14. Nutrition 15. Height, Skin, Hair, Eye color 16. Growth 17. Development 18. Teratogen 19. Autocratic 20. Patriarchal 21. Matriarchal 22. Democratic 23. Nuclear family 24. Social contract and cohabitation 25.Single parent family 26. Blended ( reconstituted) 27. Erick Erickson 28. Sigmond Freud 29.Jean Piaget 30. Extended family 31. Homosexual 32. Adoptive 33. Gradfamilies 34. Foster 35. Basic trust v mistrust 36. Autonomy v shame and doubt 37. Initiative v guilt 38. Industry v inferiority 39. Identity v role confusion 40. Intimacy v isolation 41. Generativity v stagnation 42. Ego integrity v despair 43. Mood swings 44. male- Tanner stage I 45.Male-Tanner stage 4 46. earliest age child able to copy triangle, know colors and count on fingers 47. earliest age avg child would appropriately receive paper and scissors with rounded points 48. usual age for vision screening 49. female Tanner stage 4 50. Female - Tanner stage 5 51. 14 yr old male- acute painless swelling of groin. which tool will yield the most info 52. Age of precocious puberty 53. avg age of pubertal growth spurt in american boys 54. Female - Tanner stage II 55. 12 yr old male, hip pain w/ activitiy, worsening, involves knee, no trauma, ?In office eval? 56. Trendelenburg test used to id 57. what age should oral health risk assessment begin? 58. 4 yr child not allergic to chickens but allergic to duck feathers, immunizations contraindicated? 59. child can walk backwards 60. child can stand on one foot 61. Can stack 5 blocks 62. child can stack 3 blocks 63. Positive support reflex ceases after 64. In school aged child (6-12)___considered tachycardia 65. Normal heart rate 60-100 after age 66. Male-First sign of sexual maturation 67. Male- average age of sexual maturation 68. delayed puberty 69. Most common cause of delayed puberty 70. to eval for hip dysplasia 71. 6mo male-palpable cystic mass in scrotum, size varies 72. 6 mo- disconjugate gaze- tilts head when looking at object 73. Should be avoided in ITP 74. Intussception can follow? 75. NOT a sign of congenital hypothyroidism 76. Adolescent -wt loss, chronic diarrhea, anemia, weakness 77. Describe the s/s of small and large VSDs 78. Acynotic heart murmur d/t increased pulmonary flow 79. Pauciarthritis (most common subgroup of juvi-idiopathic arthritis) 80. side effects of ADHD meds 81. Parents/guardian of adolescents should receive health guidance 82. Age of onset of irritable bowel disease 83. characteristics of infant with bronchopulmonary dysplasia 84. child with insulin pump is more likely to experience 85. palpable thrill in L upper sternal border 86. Which heart defect produces a systolic ejection click at the upper left sternal border with a thrill palpated at the upper left sternal border? 87. sit before standing is example of 88. Maternal iron stores are depleted by 89. In adolescents with IBD, it is important to monitor 90. What are important thing to monitor in patient taking corticosteroids to control inflammation in IBD? 91. treatment for Atypical pneumonia 92. Best tools for treating adolescents 93. The adolescent growth spurt is triggered by 94. Best way to screen for gonorrhea - FEMALE 95. Best way to screen for gonorrhea - MALE 96. HPV screening in female 97. Newborns of diabetic mothers are at risk for 98. gardasil results in greater antibody response for adolescents who receive 3 dose series between ages 99. VISION OF 2 YR OLD 100. 13 yr old pt with bone maturity of 10 yrs 101. treatment for delayed puberty 102. Mother voices concern with 3 yr old stuttering 103. Eating disorders 104. Common symptom of ASD (anterior septal defect) 105. Biomedical issues that may create academic performance issues 106. Bipolar disease requires 107. Joe, a 13 year old with asthma, developed a runny nose, coughing and wheezing on expiration. Joe takes Flovent 2 puffs BID. You would suggest he: 108. Janet is a 16 year old with moderate persistant asthma. She takes Advair discus 250/50 one inhalation BID in her green zone. 109. Which of the following medications would be most appropriate to intensify her controller therapy for yellow zone treatment? 110. When completing Beth’s physical exam which would be inconsistent with a dx of asthma? 111. Beth is a 12 year old with suspected asthma. Which of following findings in her hx would support this dx? 112. ASTHMA 113. ASTHMA DDx 114. Asthma Clinical Manifestations 115. Physical Assessement 116. Pulmonary function tests 117. Degrees of Asthma 118. Mild Persistent Asthma- 119. Moderate Persistent/Severe Asthma 120. Diagnose asthma 121. O2 Sats 122. Therapeutic Mgmt 123. Asthma not controlled if: 124. Rescue medications 125. Anticholinergics 126. Inhaled Corticosteroids 127. Inhalers by age group 128. LABA long acting B2 Adrenergic Agonists 129. Which of the following asthma medications contains a blackbox warning for usage in regards to increased risk of asthma-related deaths 130. Long acting medications 131. Metered dose inhaler - AGE? 132. Aerochamber MDI 133. Status Asthmaticus 134. Otitis Externa 135. OE pathogens 136. Otitis externa RX TX 137. Acute Otitis Media- Prevalence/incidence 138. Pathogen Acute Otits Media 139. AOM physical exam 140. Eustachian Tube Tympanic Membrane 141. Diagnose AOM Physical exam 142. OM with Effusion TX? 143. 1st line Tx AOM 144. AOM tx failure next? 145. Risk factors of Acute Otitis Media include_____, ______ and ____________. 146. Conductive Hearing loss 147. Conductive hearing loss Physical Exam- Weber-Rinne- 148. causes of SensoriNeural inner ear causes 149. Sensori Neural loss Weber Rinne 150. Hordeoleum 151. Management: Hordeolum 152. DDx Hordeolum 153. Chalazion 154. Blepharitis 155. chalazion mgmt 156. Conjuctivitis- RED EYE 157. Conjunctivitis 158. Viral conjuctivitis 159. Allergic Conjunctivitis 160. Gonococcal conjunctivitis 161. Rx Bacterial Conjuctivitis 162. PeriOrbital Cellulitis 163. Orbital Cellulitis Tx 164. MISCELLANEOUS AIRWAY CONSIDERATIONS IN KIDS 165. Pediatric airway 166. Ped Respiratroy Assessment 167. Wet diapers/stools a day 168. Common cold Sx, PE, DDx 169. Complications of the common cold 170. Pharyngitis 171. Bacterial Pharyngitis 172. Group A Strep 173. Bacterial Pharyngitis Ddx 174. Pharyngitis Ddx<3years 6years 175. GAS Rx 176. Allergic Rhinnitis-MGMT RX 177. Sinusitis xrays? CT? 178. Treat Sinusitis 179. Croup- Steeple sign 180. Laryngitis, Laryngotrachetis, Laryngotracheobronchitis, Bacterial tracheitis, Spasmodit Group 181. croup-Viral, Bacterial causes 182. Croup most common in ages______ 183. Epiglottitis 184. Bacterial Pneumonia Rx less than 5 185. Bacterial Pneumo greater than 5 years 186. Bacterial Pneumo Hospitialize when? 187. TB Sx 188. Epstein Barr Virus (MONO) 189. Epstein-Barr virus (mono) 190. Mono S/Sx 191. Mono Mgmt 192. Polio vaccine given @ 193. •Parents ask the NP why their baby will receive an IM polio injection instead of the oral vaccine. The best response would be: 194. Tetanus DTap 195. whooping cough 196. Hemophilis Influenzae 197. Meningeal signs-- tests 198. Enterovirus- types, routes, incubation shedding 199. Herpangina, Hand foot mouth 200. Herpangina 201. What causes Hand-Foot-Mouth disease? 202. Erythema Infectiosum-Fifth Disease 203. Erythema Infectiosum (fifth disease) 204. 5ths disease Stage1 and 2 205. fifths disease Tx Management 206. ¨The nurse is educating parents re: fifth disease. What explanation takes priority? 207. Lyme dz Tx Rx 208. Kawasaki disease (KD) 209. Kawasaki Disease(KD) 210. ¨Leading cause of Acquired heart disease in children? 211. Kawasaki disease stage 1 212. Kawasaki Dz stage 2 and 3 213. Kawasaki dz Diagnosis 214. Kawasaki rash 215. Hand swelling 216. nonexudative conjuctivitis 217. strawberry tongue 218. A 3 year old with KD is admitted to the hospital for fever. The nurse knows that the following tx will be started to shorten the fever and decrease the risk of complications? [Show More]

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