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SCI 228 Week 7 Lab Assignment: First Year of Infants Life

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SCI 228 Week 7 Lab Assignment: First Year of Infants Life Lifecycle Nutritional Diet and Description For the life cycle I will choosing fir... st year of infant’s life. Its definition is a life cycle that encompasses the time from 0-12 months of childhood. When it comes to infancy years researchers say that macronutrients and micronutrients are most important and are needed more importantly out of all the development stages. Infants need water, energy, as well as vital fatty acids as they grow in a rapid manner in such a short period, which is only possible with the assistance of energy currency (ATP). When it comes to breast feeding, it is to be considered by most to be the best option for infants to receive nutrition naturally, not any of those powdered substances. There are also other benefits to breast feeding such as antibodies being transferred into the child’s blood which provides that child with a passive immunity. An infant usually needs 0-6 month - 2.2 g/kg body weight or 1.6 g/100 calories, 6 -12 months - 2.0 g/kg body weight or 1.4 g/100 calories proteins/day. The minerals and vitamins such as vitamin K, E, D, A, C, iron, calcium. Potassium, and folic acid are also required. While there are benefits of breast feeding, the child still would be lacking vitamin D due to its low count in breast milk, which is when a powdered substitute helps. When it comes to children and energy, infants require approximately 116 calories per kilogram for the initial three months and on an average, 100 calories per kilogram for the rest of the first year. [NSF07] The general guidelines must be followed to ensure the fulfillment of an infant’s nutrition and energy needs: ▪ 500 mg of calcium/day ▪ 19 grams of fiber/day ▪ 1 gram per kilogram body weight of protein per day. Diet Plan According to [ADA15] Age Food Birth to 12 months • If breast feeding newborns need to be nursed 8-12 times per day, or when needed. 4 to 6 months • 1-3 tablespoon of cereal a day (dry or with small quantity of milk). Gradually increase 3-4 tablespoons a day. • 28-45 ounces of formula • Vegetables, fruits, and juices (2 - 3 tablespoon servings and about 4 servings per day). • Breast fed 4-6 times per day. 6 to 8 months • Continue to breast feed 3-5 times a day because cow’s milk is not recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics for children under 1. • 2-3 tablespoons of strained fruits and vegetables (one at a time). Offer about 4 servings per day. • Introduce a few vegetables before fruits because fruits sweetness may make a less sweet food such as vegetable less appealing. • Finger foods in small amounts (crackers, peeled fruits, melba toast). • Salty and sugary foods are not recommended. 8 to 12 months . • Finger foods (3 - 4 tablespoon servings). • Well chopped or mashed table foods. • 1 new meat per week serving 3-4 tablespoons using strained and finely ground meats such as meat sticks and frankfurters. • Vegetables increase to 3-4 tablespoons 4 times a day. • Eggs 3-4 times per week (yolk only until the baby reaches age 1). Bibliography A.D.A.M INC. (1997-2015). URAC. Retrieved from ADAM QUANTITY: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002455.htm NSF International . (2007, August 22). NAL.USDA.GOV. Retrieved from http://www.nal.usda.gov/wicworks/Topics/FG/Chapter1_NutritionalNeeds.pd [Show More]

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