*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > NSG 6005 PHARM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ALREADY GRADED A+ (All)

NSG 6005 PHARM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ALREADY GRADED A+

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1. Question : Carbamazepine has a black box warning recommending testing for the HLA-B*1502 allele in patients with Asian ancestry prior to starting therapy due to: Student Answer: Decreased effect... iveness of carbamazepine in treating seizures in Asian patients with the HLA-B*1502 allele Increased risk for drug interactions in Asian patients with the HLA-B*1502 allele CORRECT Increased risk for Stevens-Johnson syndrome in Asian patients with HLA-B*1502 allele Patients who have the HLA-B*1502 allele being more likely to have a resistance to carbamazepine Points Received: 2.5 of 2.5 Comments: Question 2. Question : Common OTC pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen: Student Answer: Are always safer for the patient than prescription pain medication CORRECT Are harmful if taken in higher-than-recommended amounts Have minimal interaction with prescription medications Should never be given to children unless recommended by their provider Points Received: 2.5 of 2.5 Comments: Question 3. Question : Factors that affect gastric drug absorption include: Student Answer: Liver enzyme activity Protein-binding properties of the drug molecule CORRECT Lipid solubility of the drug Ability to chew and swallow Points Received: 2.5 of 2.5 Comments: Question 4. Question : Nonadherence is especially common in drugs that treat asymptomatic conditions, such as hypertension. One way to reduce the likelihood of nonadherence to these drugs is to prescribe a drug that: Student Answer: Has a short half-life so that missing one dose has limited effect Requires several dosage titrations so that missed doses can be replaced with lower doses to keep costs down CORRECT Has a tolerability profile with less of the adverse effects that are considered “irritating,” such as nausea and dizziness Must be taken no more than twice a day Points Received: 2.5 of 2.5 Comments: Question 5. Question : The first step in the prescribing process according to the World Health Organization is: Student Answer: Choosing the treatment Educating the patient about the medication CORRECT Diagnosing the patient’s problem Starting the treatment Points Received: 2.5 of 2.5 Comments: Question 6. Question : A twenty-four-year-old male received multiple fractures in a motor vehicle accident that required significant amounts of opioid medication to treat his pain. He is at risk for Type __ ADR when he no longer requires the opioids. Student Answer: A C CORRECT E G Points Received: 2.5 of 2.5 Comments: Question 7. Question : Drugs that use CYP3A4 isoenzymes for metabolism may: Student Answer: Induce the metabolism of another drug Inhibit the metabolism of another drug CORRECT Both A and B Neither A nor B Points Received: 2.5 of 2.5 Comments: Question 8. Question : Herbs and supplements are tested for safety by the FDA. Student Answer: INCORRECT True CORRECT False Points Received: 0 of 2.5 Comments: Question 9. Question : The route of excretion of a volatile drug will likely be: Student Answer: The kidneys CORRECT The lungs The bile and feces The skin Points Received: 2.5 of 2.5 Comments: Question 10. Question : Genetic testing for VCORC1 mutation to assess potential warfarin resistance is required prior to prescribing warfarin. Student Answer: True CORRECT False Points Received: 2.5 of 2.5 Comments: Question 11. Question : When obtaining a drug history from Harold, he gives you a complete list of his prescription medications. He denies taking any other drugs, but you find that he occasionally takes aspirin for his arthritis flare-ups. This is an example of: Student Answer: His appropriately only telling you about his regularly prescribed medications His hiding information regarding his inappropriate use of aspirin from you CORRECT A common misconception that intermittently taken OTC medications are not an important part of his drug history A common misuse of OTC aspirin [Show More]

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