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Sophia Learning Ancient Greek Philosophers. History Milestone. Passed this Milestone.

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Ancient Greek Philosophers ( A guaranteed) QUESTION 1 Philosophy pursues ________ by using logic, reasoning, and critical thinking. A. science B. reality C. wisdom D. opinion QUESTION 2 ... “Although I am not an atheist, I believe that man’s ingenuity is more reliable than superstitious beliefs about the gods.” The ancient philosopher most likely to make this statement was ________. A. Thales B. Protagoras C. Empedocles D. Xenophanes QUESTION 3 Choose the true statement about a central belief of the Greek atomists. A. Complex phenomenon are explained as the configuration of atoms. B. In atomism, the ultimate nature of reality is static, making all change an illusion. C. The world is composed of opposites that create a system of connection through atoms. D. Everything is temporary in atomism; reality is in a constant state of change. QUESTION 4 All of the statements are central themes of Parmenidean metaphysics, EXCEPT: A. The universe is one, unchanging entity. B. The opinions of mortal men are universally unreliable. C. The Parmenidean worldview contradicts the world we are familiar with. D. The world we sense is genuine. QUESTION 5 Heraclitus went further than his predecessors by considering reality from an entirely human point of view. He claimed that there is one true reality, which he called ________. A. Ethos B. Logos C. the Unity of Opposites D. the Doctrine of Flux QUESTION 6 Choose the statement that describes how Socrates’ approach to philosophy differed from previous approaches. A. Socrates focused on ethics, as well as concepts and methodologies of knowledge. B. Socrates’ ideas influenced the growth of the natural sciences. C. Socrates believed that all living things were ordered and governed by universal laws. D. Socrates claimed that man could never know whether the gods exist or not. QUESTION 7 Choose the FALSE statement about the philosophical value of the Socratic Method. A. Existing knowledge is the basis for new knowledge. B. Truth is discovered through reasoning. C. Students understand why the answer is what it is. D. The teacher imparts knowledge based on experience. QUESTION 8 Budapest is a city in Hungary. Roland was born in Budapest. Therefore, Roland was born in Hungary. Assuming that both premises are true, evaluate the argument and determine which of the answer options describes it. A. Deductive, valid, sound B. Deductive, invalid, unsound C. Inductive, strong, cogent D. Inductive, weak, uncogent QUESTION 9 Choose the FALSE statement about the Apology. A. Socrates was charged with denying the gods and corrupting the youth of Athens. B. Socrates demonstrated that he was determined to live — and die — according to his philosophy. C. Observing that death was either something or nothing, Socrates argued it was not to be feared. D. Socrates claimed that if he had harmed others, it was unintentional and he regretted it. QUESTION 10 Select the FALSE statement about the Crito. A. Not all life has value; only the good life has value. B. Crito is Socrates’ friend and wants to help him escape his punishment. C. Death is something every man fears and tries to avoid. D. Socrates says the opinion of many is less important than the opinion of one who has understanding. QUESTION 11 According to Socrates in the Phaedo, why might a philosopher welcome death? A. In death, he or she can find answers to the most important questions. B. A philosopher's life has no value unless it is judged by those who have passed before. C. It is only through the loss of the senses that the soul can find worldly truths. D. Death is a continuation of the soul and the body seeking what is true and just. QUESTION 12 In the Apology, Socrates makes the following statement: “But you have just admitted that the good do their neighbors good, and the evil do them evil. Now, is that a truth which your superior wisdom has recognized thus early in life, and am I, at my age, in such darkness and ignorance as not to know that if a man with whom I have to live is corrupted by me, I am very likely to be harmed by him; and yet I corrupt him, and intentionally, too….But either I do not corrupt them, or I corrupt them unintentionally; and on either view of the case you lie. If my offence is unintentional, the law has no cognizance of unintentional offences: you ought to have taken me privately, and warned and admonished me.” Extract Socrates' argument from the preceding excerpt, then choose the sentence that accurately restates the main premise of his argument. A. If everyone else improves the youth and only I corrupt them, then the rest of the world has far greater influence than I. B. Corruption of youth is either intentional, in which case I would harm myself by doing so, or unintentional, which is not a crime. C. The afterlife will be ruled by true judges who will not fault or punish me for dedicating my life to pursuing wisdom. D. The goal of rhetoric is to persuade, rather than to seek the truth. Winning at any cost is both unwise and unjust. QUESTION 13 Several hours of heavy rain is a ________ condition for a wet yard. Choose the answer that correctly completes this sentence. A. necessary, not sufficient B. sufficient, not necessary C. both necessary and sufficient D. neither necessary nor sufficient QUESTION 14 Plato believed that knowledge of reality is grounded in knowledge of ________. A. Platonic Heaven B. oneself C. the Forms D. metaphysics QUESTION 15 Choose the FALSE statement about the metaphysical tenets of Plato’s Doctrine of the Forms. [Show More]

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