EMT Midterm Exam Study Guide Latest Updated with A+ Solutions Earliest documented emergency medical service. Correct Answer-In 1790 the French began transporting wounded soldiers from the battlefield.... Who developed the first emergency medical standards? Correct Answer-U.S. Department of Transportation What is enhanced 911? Correct Answer-Dispatchers are able to determine location of the caller. Minimum level of certification to run on an ambulance crew. Correct Answer-EMT Evaluation of patient's condition is done by doing a ___. Correct Answer-Patient Assessment Who is responsible for scene safety? Correct Answer-All crew members A person who speaks on behalf of the patient. Correct Answer-The Advocate Assumes responsibility for all EMTs. Correct Answer-The Medical Director Any agent that causes disease is called a ______. Correct Answer-Pathogen How is Hepatitis A transmitted? Correct Answer-Fecal-oral route What part of the nervous system is responsible for the "fight or flight" response? Correct Answer-Sympathetic Nervous System Levels of EMS Correct Answer-EMR, EMT, AEMT, Paramedic When lifting a patient, a basic principle is to: Correct Answer-Know your own limitations Preferred number of rescuers when using a stair chair. Correct Answer-3 Set of limitations that defines the legal actions and limitations placed on the EMT. Correct Answer-Scope of Practice Consent given by a school principal to treat a minor on behalf of the parents. Correct Answer-In loco parentis (in place of the parent) An EMT's legal and ethical obligation to provide care to a patient. Correct Answer-Duty to Act Act that governs patient confidentiality. Correct Answer-HIPAA EMTs role at a crime scene. Correct Answer-Care of the patient What is anatomy? Correct Answer-The structures of the human body. What is physiology? Correct Answer-The function of the human body. Sharing information about a patient's history or condition. Correct Answer-Breach of confidentiality Medial Correct Answer-Middle Lateral Correct Answer-Outside Standing erect, facing the observer, with arms down and the palms of the hands facing forward. Correct Answer-Anatomical Position Prone Correct Answer-Face down Supine Correct Answer-Face up Proximal Correct Answer-Near to Distal Correct Answer-Away from Patient is sitting straight up. Correct Answer-Fowler's position Shock is also called _____. Correct Answer-Hypoperfusion The two areas of the spine most easily injured. Correct Answer-Cervical and Lumbar Arteries always carry blood ______ from the heart. Correct Answer-away Veins always care blood _____ the heart. Correct Answer-towards The clotting components of blood. Correct Answer-Platelets The arteries the feed blood to the heart. Correct Answer-Coronary arteries The pressure created by the contraction of the left ventricle Correct Answer-Systolic The pressure remaining in the arteries when the left ventricle relaxes. Correct Answer-Diastolic The system of the body that produces chemicals and hormones that regulate most of the body's activities and functions. Correct Answer-Endocrine System Main function of the liver. Correct Answer-Detoxifies harmful substances, stores sugar, and assists in the production of blood products. The most muscular and strongest part of the heart. Correct Answer-Left Ventricle Primary organs of the renal system. Correct Answer-Kidneys Carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs. Correct Answer-Pulmonary artery Carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart. Correct Answer-Pulmonary veins A source of major airway obstruction in children. Correct Answer-The tongue The amount of air the moves in and out of the chest in one normal breathing cycle. Correct Answer-Tidal volume Tidal volume x Breaths per minute = ? Correct Answer-Minute volume What is ATP? Correct Answer-The cell's internally created fuel that is responsible for powering all cellular function. When glucose and other nutrients are converted into energy. Correct Answer-Cellular Respiration The byproducts of anaerobic respiration. Correct Answer-Lactic acid and carbon dioxide The byproduct of cellular respiration that is removed from the blood and released through exhalation. Correct Answer-Carbon dioxide The main control center of respiratory control. Correct Answer-Medulla Oblongata [Show More]
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