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Module 3 BIOD 171

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Module 3 BIOD 171 True or False: A nanometeris longer than a micrometer. Correct answer- False. A nanometer is 1,000 times smaller than a micrometer. What is the total magnification (relat... ive to your eye) of a sample imaged with a 60x objective and a 10x eyepiece? Show your math. Correct answer- 60 x 10 = 600x magnification Assuming a fixed ocular, identify the part of the microscope you would adjust to enhance the magnification of a sample. A. Objective B. Condenser C. Iris diaphragm D. Eye piece Correct answer- A. Only the oculars (eyepiece) and the objectives contribute to the magnification of the sample. Since the eyepiece is fixed, only the objectives could be altered. What is the total magnification (relative to your eye) of a sample imaged with a 20x objective and a 15x eyepiece? Show your math. Correct answer- 20 x 15 = 300x magnification True or False: Staining is often required to image a cell that is adherent and flat (thin). Correct answer- True. Adherent, flat and unstained cells are almost invisible due to the limits on both resolution and contrast. Therefore, cell staining is often required to adequately image the sample. Assuming a constant (non-adjustable) light source power, identify the part of the microscope you would adjust to limit the amount of light entering the microscope.Select all that apply. A. Objective B. Condenser C. Iris diaphragm D. Eye piece Correct answer- C. The iris controls the amount of light that passes through the sample and into the objective lens. Thus, it can be adjusted (opened or closed) to alter the amount of light. This type of microscope is best suited for visualizing GFP, RFP and YFP proteins. Correct answer- Fluorescence True or False: A cell that is adherent, flat (thin) and unstained is easily identified using bright field microscopy. Correct answer- False. Adherent, flat cells are almost invisible due to the limits on both resolution and contrast. True or False: The distinguishing characteristic of Gram-Negative bacteria is the presence of LPS in the outer membrane. Correct answer- True True or False: If you wish to study the motility of an organism you cannot heat fix, but you can chemically fix the specimen. Correct answer- False. Both heat and chemical fixation strategies will kill the cell, making motility observations impossible. True or False: If a patient is suspected of having malaria, a Giemsa stain would be an appropriate differential test to perform. Correct answer- True. Giemsa stains are often used in the clinical setting to aid in the diagnosis of blood parasites. True or False: Growth media is best suited for distinguishing between two similar species of bacteria. Correct answer- False. Growth media is designed to simply support (and not restrict) microbial growth. A researcher is asked to determine which of two vials contains E coli and which contains Salmonella. Knowing both are Gram-Negative while only one of them is capable of fermenting lactose, which type of media would be best suited: A. Growth media B. Differential media C. Selective media D. Selective and Differential media Correct answer- B. Differential media distinguishes between two, often related, microbes. True or False: LB agar is classified as a selective, non-differential media. Correct answer- False. LB agar is the most basic type of agar and like LB media supports the growth of virtually all microbes without restriction. True or False: A Giemsa stain can be used to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria. Correct answer- True. Pathogenic bacteria would appear pink while non-pathogenic bacteria would appear purple. . True or False: Following the decolorization step of the Gram stain, Gram-Negative bacteria will appear colorless. Correct answer- True. Even together, the LPS and thin peptidoglycan layer are unable to retain the crystal violet dye during decolorization [Show More]

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